Jamie Pentagulio

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released April 2020 Consumer Price Indexes (CPI) today. The All commodities index decreased 0.7% over the last month & has increased 0.3% over the last year on a seasonally unadjusted basis. All items less food and energy decreased 0.5% from March – April 2020 & rose 1.4% between April ’19 – ’20. Commodities less food and energy commodities saw a 0.9% decrease from April of 2019 to April 2020 and decreased 0.8% in the last month. Food increased 1.5% over the last month & rose 3.5% over the last year. Meats, poultry, fish and eggs rose 4.5% between March and April 2020 & and increased by 6.8% between April ’19 – ’20. Household paper products increased by 4.5% from March to April of this year and rose by 6.3% from April ’19 – ’20. Crackers, bread and cracker products increased by 3.9% from March to April 2020 and rose by 6.4% from April ’19 – ’20. Carbonated drinks rose by 3.5% over the last month and increased by 6.6% over the last year. Juice and non alcoholic drinks rose 6.2% from April 2019 – April 2020 and had a 3.4% increase in the last month. Processed fruits and vegetables saw a 2.7% rise from March 2020 and a 4% increase from April of 2019. Sugar & sugar substitutes had an 8.2% increase in the last year and a 2.4% rise since March 2019. Cheese and cheese related products had a 1.8% rise in the last month and a 7% increase from April 2019. Dairy and related products rose 5.2% between April 2019 and April 2020 and a 1.4% increase from March 2020.

BLS CPI Historical Annual Inflation Rate Averages Through April 2020 Charts For Selected Categories

BLS CPI CodeBLS CPI Category Description1M 4/20YTD 4/201Y 4/203Y 4/205Y 4/2010Y 4/2020Y 4/20
SAFFOOD & BEVERAGES1.5%2.6%1.5%2.2%1.6%1.9%2.4%
SAF11Food at home2.7%4.1%2.7%1.8%0.8%1.6%2.1%
SAF114Nonalcoholic beverages & beverage materials2.7%5.4%2.7%2.1%1.3%1.0%1.3%
SEFNJuices & nonalcoholic drinks3.4%6.2%3.4%3.0%1.9%1.2%1.5%
SEFN01Carbonated drinks3.5%9.0%3.5%3.8%2.7%1.5%2.0%
SEFN03Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices & drinks3.3%4.4%3.3%2.5%1.4%1.0%1.0%
SEFPBeverage materials including coffee & tea1.2%3.4%1.2%-0.1%-0.4%0.5%0.9%
SEFP02Other beverage materials including tea1.5%2.4%1.5%1.3%1.0%0.6%1.1%
SAF115Other food at home2.2%4.2%2.2%1.3%1.0%1.4%1.8%
SEFT06Other miscellaneous foods2.9%1.9%2.9%1.4%1.0%1.2%1.4%
SEFWAlcoholic beverages at home0.5%2.4%0.5%1.4%1.2%1.0%1.4%
SEFW01Beer, ale & other malt beverages at home1.5%3.6%1.5%2.5%2.3%1.9%2.2%
SEFW02Distilled spirits at home0.4%1.9%0.4%0.3%0.3%0.4%1.0%
SEFW03Wine at home-0.3%1.6%-0.3%0.6%0.3%0.1%0.6%
SEHEFUEL OIL & OTHER FUELS-10.8%-23.1%-10.8%-4.4%-3.9%-2.3%3.0%
SAH3HOUSEHOLD FURNISHINGS & OPERATIONS0.4%1.2%0.4%1.0%0.2%-0.1%-0.1%
SAM1MEDICAL CARE COMMODITIES-0.2%-0.9%-0.2%0.9%1.6%2.0%2.4%
SEMFMedicinal drugs-0.1%-0.9%-0.1%1.0%1.7%2.1%
SEMF01Prescription drugs0.0%-0.8%0.0%1.3%2.2%2.8%3.2%
SEMF02Nonprescription drugs-0.5%-1.2%-0.5%-0.5%-0.4%-0.5%
SEMGMedical equipment and supplies-0.6%-2.0%-0.6%0.2%0.1%0.2%
SEEAEDUCATIONAL BOOKS & SUPPLIES0.9%-0.6%0.9%-0.6%1.0%3.1%4.6%
SEGATOBACCO & SMOKING PRODUCTS-0.2%1.6%-0.2%4.2%4.8%3.9%5.4%
SEGBPERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS-0.1%0.9%-0.1%-0.2%-0.3%0.0%0.2%
SEGEMISCELLANEOUS PERSONAL GOODS1.4%4.2%1.4%0.5%-1.1%-1.2%-1.1%
SAGOTHER GOODS AND SERVICES0.0%1.3%0.0%2.2%2.3%2.0%2.7%
SEREOther recreational goods-0.9%-1.0%-0.9%-6.7%-6.8%-5.5%-4.7%
SERGRecreational reading materials-0.8%0.7%-0.8%2.5%1.8%1.6%1.7%

CPI vs. PPI Supermarket Inflation Comparison Through March 2020

PPI InflationCPI InflationDIFF: PPI vs. CPI

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